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Dr. Jim Bickerton
Resident Fellow
 
 
 

James Bickerton is Professor of Political Science at StFX. His research interests are in the areas of federalism, regionalism, and electoral politics in Canada. He is currently completing work on the seventh edition of his textbook Canadian Politics (2020, with Alain Gagnon). Recent publications include “Diversity Accommodation as a Strategy of National Unity: The Case of Canada” in Revisiting Unity and Diversity in Federal Countries (Gagnon and Burgess, 2018). Ongoing research includes a project on diversity accommodation and political stability in Canada, as well as the comparative study of regions. He is an Adjunct Professor of Graduate Studies at Dalhousie University and an Associate Researcher at the Centre for Research on Québec and Canadian Studies. He has held the Eakin Chair in Canadian Studies at McGill University and has been a Visiting Scholar at Cornell, Simon Fraser, Victoria, Barcelona, and Edinburgh.

Books

Publications

Books

Canadian Politics, Seventh Edition (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2020) co-edited with A.G. Gagnon

Canadian Politics, Sixth Edition (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014) co-edited with A.G. Gagnon

Governing: Essays in Honour of Donald J. Savoie (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013) co-edited with B.G. Peters

Canadian Politics, Fifth Edition (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009) co-edited with A.G. Gagnon

Freedom, Equality, Community: The Political Philosophy of Six Influential Canadians (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2006) co-authored with S. Brooks and A.G. Gagnon

Canadian Politics, Fourth Edition (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2004) co-edited with A.G. Gagnon

Six penseurs en quête de liberté, d’égalité et de communauté: Grant, Innis, Laurendeau, Rioux, Taylor et Trudeau (Quebec: Les Presses de l’Université Laval, 2003) co-authored with S. Brooks and A.G. Gagnon

Filiations et affiliations: partis politiques et comportement électoral au Canada (Montreal: Boreal Press, 2002) co-authored with A.G. Gagnon and P. Smith

The Savage Years: The Perils of Reinventing Government in Nova Scotia (Halifax: Formac Publishing, 2000) co-authored with P. Clancy, R. Haddow, and I. Stewart

Ties That Bind: Parties and Voters in Canada (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1999) co-authored with A.G. Gagnon and P. Smith

Canadian Politics, Third Edition (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 1999) co-edited with A.G. Gagnon

L’Almanach Politique Du Quebec (Montreal: Quebec/Amerique, 1997) co-authored with A.G. Gagnon, M. Eagles and P. Smith

The Almanac of Canadian Politics, Second Edition (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1995) co-authored with M. Eagles, A.G. Gagnon and P. Smith

Canadian Politics, Second Edition (Peterborough:  Broadview Press, 1994) co-edited with A.G. Gagnon

The Almanac of Canadian Politics: Federal Constituencies and the 1988 General Election (Peterborough, Ont: Broadview Press, 1991) co-authored with M. Eagles, A.G. Gagnon, & P. Smith

Canadian Politics: An Introduction to the Discipline (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 1990) co-edited with A.G. Gagnon

Nova Scotia, Ottawa, and the Politics of Regional Development (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990)


Articles and Book Chapters

“Parties and Elections: An End to Canadian Exceptionalism?” in J. Bickerton and A.G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Politics, Seventh Edition (Toronto: UTP, 2020).

“Regions” in Danielle Caramani, ed. Comparative Politics, Fifth Edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020), 267-280 (with A.G. Gagnon).

“Electoral Parity or Protecting Minorities? Path Dependency and Consociational Districting in Nova Scotia” Canadian Political Science Review 14:1 (2020), 32-54 (with G. Graham).

 “Rebalancing Federal Citizenship in Canada” in Fifty Shades of Federalism (2019). Available at:
http://50shadesoffederalism.com/case-studies/rebalancing-federal-citizenship-in-canada/

“Diversity Accommodation as a Strategy of National Unity: The Case of Canada” in Alain-G. Gagnon and Michael Burgess, eds, Revisiting Unity and Diversity in Federal Countries: Changing Concepts, Reform Proposals and New Institutional Realities (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2018), 233-258.

“Managing Diversity Through Citizenization: Citizenship Regime as a Framework of Analysis” in M. Paquet, N. Nagels, and A-C Fourot, eds. Citizenship as a Regime: Canadian and International Perspectives (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2018), 141-164.

“Enhancing Democratic Engagement through Electoral Reform and Civic Literacy” in Alex Marland and Lisa Moore, eds. The Democracy Cookbook: Recipes to Renew Governance in Newfoundland and Labrador (St. John’s, NL: ISER, 2017), 163-66.

“Regions” in Danielle Caramani, ed. Comparative Politics, Fourth Edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), 260-73 (with A.G. Gagnon).

“Parties and Regions: Representation and Resistance” in A.B. Tanguay and A.-G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Parties in Transition, Fourth Edition (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2017), 44-63.

“Les partis politiques, les électeurs et les elections au Canada” in Alain-G. Gagnon, ed. La politique québécoise et canadienne: une approche pluraliste (Presses de l’Université du Québec, 2014).

“Competing for Power: Parties and Elections” in J. Bickerton and A.G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Politics, Sixth Edition (Toronto: UTP, 2014), 249-79.

“Regions” in Danielle Caramani, ed. Comparative Politics, Third Edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 252-266 (with A.G. Gagnon).

“Canada: Federal adaptation and the limits of hybridity” in J. Loughlin, J. Kincaid and W. Swenden, eds. Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism (London: Routledge, 2013), 172-89 (with A.G. Gagnon).

“Revisiting Grandchildren: Building Regions in the Maritimes” in J. Bickerton and B.G. Peters, eds. Governing: Essays in Honour of Donald J. Savoie (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013), 260-90.

“Transforming Federal Canada: Gaining Perspective on Harper’s New Federalism” in S. Mangiameli, ed. Federalism, Regionalism and Territory (Milan: Guiffrè Editore, 2013), 109-32.

“Seeking New Autonomies: State Rescaling, Reterritorialization, and Minority Identities in Atlantic Canada” in M. Keating and A.G. Gagnon, eds. Political Autonomy in Divided Societies: Imagining Democratic Alternatives in Complex Settings (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), 81-97.

“The New Federalism and Atlantic Canada” in J. Reid and D. Savoie, eds.  Shaping an Agenda for Atlantic Canada (Halifax: Fernwood Press, 2011), 205-231.

“Janus Faces, Rocks, and Hard Places: Majority Nationalism in Canada” in A.-G. Gagnon, A. Lecours, and G. Nootens, eds. Contemporary Majority Nationalism (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011), 144-180.

“Regions” in Danielle Caramani, ed. Comparative Politics, Second Edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), 275-291 (with A.G. Gagnon).

“Deconstructing the New Federalism” Canadian Political Science Review 4:2-3 (2010), 56-72.

“Political Parties and Democracy in Canada: Regional Fragmentation, Institutional Inertia, and Democratic Deficit” in Kay Lawson and Jorge Lanzaro, eds. Political Parties and Democracy: Volume 1: The  Americas (Praeger, 2010), 3-26.

“Regions and Regionalism” in J. Bickerton and A.-G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Politics, Fifth Edition (Toronto: UTP, 2009), 71-96 (with A.G. Gagnon).

“Equalization, Regional Development and Political Trust: The Section 36/Atlantic Accords Controversy” Constitutional Forum 17:3 (2008), 99-111.

“Regions” in Danielle Caramani, ed. Comparative Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 367-391 (with A.G. Gagnon).

“Visiting Grandchildren: A Review Essay”, Acadiensis, XXXVI, 2 (Spring, 2007), 134-141.

“La question du nationalisme majoritaire au Canada” in A.-G. Gagnon, André Lecours, Geneviève Nootens, eds. Les Nationalismes majoritaires contemporains: identité, mémoire, pouvoir (Montréal: Québec Amérique, 2007), 217-270.

“The Case of Canada” in OECD, Linking Regions and Central Governments: Contracts for Regional Development (Paris: OECD, 2007), 171-196.

“Models of Development for Atlantic Canada” in S. Hodgett, D. Johnson, and S. Royle, eds. Doing Development Differently: Regional Development on the Atlantic Periphery (Sydney: Cape Breton University Press, 2007), 42-71 (with Teresa MacNeil).

“Between Integration and Fragmentation: Political Parties and the Representation of Regions” in A.B. Tanguay and A.-G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Parties in Transition, Third Edition (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2007), 411-435.

“Political Parties and Electoral Politics” in James Bickerton and Alain-G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Politics, Fourth Edition (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2004), 239-262 (with A. Gagnon).

“Our Place in Canada: Realistic and Restrained, But Lured into Folly by the Seduction of Oil” Journal of Newfoundland Studies, vol.18, no.2 (Fall, 2002), 290-298.

“Nova Scotia: The Political Economy of Regime Change” in K. Brownsey and M. Howlett, eds. The Provincial State in Canada: Politics in Canada’s Provinces and Territories (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2001), 49-74.

“The Politics of Limited Change” Policy Options vol.21, no.1 (Jan-Feb. 2000), 27-30.

"Reforming Health Care Governance: The Case of Nova Scotia" Journal of Canadian Studies vol. 34, no. 2 (Summer, 1999), 159-190.

"Too Long in Exile: Harold Innis and Maritime Political Economy" in Charles Acland and William Buxton, eds. Harold Innis In The New Century: Reflections and Refractions (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999), 225-239.

“Regionalism in Canada” in James Bickerton and Alain-G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Politics, Third Edition (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 1999), 209-238.

"Federal Regional Development Policies and Atlantic Canada's Islands” in G. Baldacchino and R. Greenwood, eds. Competing Strategies of Socio-Economic Development for Small Islands (Charlottetown, PEI: Institute for Island Studies, 1998), 238-267.

“Crime et Chatiment: Le Parti Progressiste-Conservateur du Canada entre 1984 et 1993" Politique et societes volume 16, no.2 (Fall, 1997), 117-144.

“The Future of National Political Parties in Canada” in Tom Kent, ed. In Pursuit of the Public Good (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1997), 76-79.

“Atlantic Canada and the CHST” Policy Options volume 17, no. 5 (June, 1996), 18-22.

"Parties and Regions: Alternative Models of Representation" in A.G. Gagnon and A.B. Tanguay, eds. Canadian Parties in Transition: Discourse, Organization, Representation, Second Edition (Scarborough, Ont.: Nelson, 1995), 496-514.

"Atlantic Canada: Regime Change in a Dependent Region" in James Bickerton and Alain-G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Politics, Second Edition (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 1994), 426-449.

"The Study of Canadian Politics" in James Bickerton and Alain-G. Gagnon, eds. Canadian Politics, Second Edition (Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 1994), 9-38.

"Regional Development Policy and Labour Markets in Atlantic Canada" in A. Johnson, S. McBride, and P. Smith, eds. Continuities and Discontinuities: Social Welfare and Labour Market Policies in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994), 235-252.

"Alternative Futures: Region, Nation, and Constitutional Change" in J. McCroirie and M. MacDonald, eds. The Constitutional Future of the Atlantic and Prairie Regions (Regina: Canadian Plains Research Centre, 1992), 273-294.

"Waiting for the Future: Atlantic Canada After Meech Lake", in Frances Abele, ed. How Ottawa Spends, 1991-92 (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1991), 127-156.

"Atlantic Canada: The Creation of a Region" in Alain-G. Gagnon and James Bickerton, eds. Canadian Politics:  An Introduction to the Discipline (Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 1990), 325-44.

"Introduction" in Alain-G. Gagnon and James Bickerton, eds. Canadian Politics: An Introduction to the Discipline (Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 1990), 1-13 (with A.G. Gagnon).

"Atlantic Canada: The Dynamics of Dependence in a Federal System" in M. Burgess, ed. Canadian Federalism: Past, Present and Future (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1990), 120-144.

"The Party System and the Representation of Periphery Interests: The Case of the Maritimes", in A. Gagnon and B. Tanguay, eds. Canadian Parties in Transition: Discourse, Organization and Representation (Scarborough, Ont.:  Nelson, 1989), 461-84.

"Free Trade and Canadian Federalism: The Maritimes", in C. Deblock and M. Couture, eds. Un marche, deux societes: Libre-echange et autonomie politique (Montreal: L'ACFAS, 1987), 168-77.

"Regional Policy in Historical Perspective: The Federal Role in Regional Economic Development", American Review of Canadian Studies, XIV, 1 (Spring, 1984), 72-92.

"Underdevelopment and Social Movements in Atlantic Canada: A Critique", Studies in Political Economy 9 (Fall, 1982), 191-202.


Commissioned Research Studies and Government Reports:

The Right to Fair and Effective Representation: Electoral Boundaries Commissions in Nova Scotia. Commissioned Study for Elections Nova Scotia (Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission), August, 2018.

Toward Fair and Effective Representation: Report of the Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission. Government of Nova Scotia, September 24, 2012.

Defining, Measuring and Assessing National Attachment: A Sampling of the Academic Literature on National Identity, National Attachment, and Nationalism. Commissioned Study for the Government of Canada, Privy Council Office, Intergovernmental Affairs, January, 2011.

Regional Economic Disparities and Public Policy: A Review and Assessment of the Economic Development Role of the Federal and Provincial Governments on Cape Breton Island. Commissioned Study for Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP on behalf of Cape Breton Regional Municipality, submitted as an expert witness affidavit to the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, 2006.

A Contractual Approach to Multilevel Governance: Case Studies from Canada. Commissioned Study for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, April, 2006.

Nova Scotia 2003: Report of the Federal Electoral Boundaries Commission for Nova Scotia. Elections Canada, 2004.

Assessing the Regional Development Aspects of the Devco Closure. Commissioned Study for the United Mineworkers of America, submitted as an expert witness affidavit for an Arbitration Hearing, September, 2001.

Regional Economic Development: Building Partnerships or Transfer Dependencies? Commissioned Study prepared for participants in the International Forum of Federations, Mont Tremblant, Quebec, October 5-8, 1999.


Other Publications

“Multinational Federalism: Issues of Identity, Legitimacy and Regime Resilience” In Les Grandes Conférences Du CAPCF, Alain Gagnon, dir., Centre d’analyse politique: Constitution et fédéralisme, Montreal, Quebec, 2020.

“The Political Voice of Canadian Regional Identities” About Canada Multimedia Study Guide Resources, Centre for Canadian Studies, Mount Allison University (http://www.mta.ca/faculty/arts-letters/canadian_studies/english/about/study_guide/regional/)

“Petite region, grands enjeux” October 30, 2000; “Maintenant ou jamais” November 13, 2000; “L’ambivalence” November 25, 2000.  A series of commissioned articles on the 2000 federal election campaign published in the Quebec daily newspaper Le Devoir.

Reflections on Canadian Politics, a compilation of lectures in the Allan J. MacEachen Lecture Series (Antigonish, NS: St. Francis Xavier University Press, 2000).

Culture, Identity, Politics: Canadian Perspectives (Antigonish, NS: 1995). Proceedings of the 19th annual conference of the Atlantic Provinces Political Studies Association, St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, October 15-17, 1993.

“Rural Development: Lessons from the Past and Strategies for the Future” Extension Update: Occasional Bulletin on Programs and Research (Antigonish, NS: St. Francis Xavier University, 1993).

Canadian Studies Resource Guide: Canadian Politics (Ottawa: Department of the Secretary of State, 1991)

Index to the Canadian Journal of Political Science 1968-1981 (Ottawa: CPSA, 1982)


Book Reviews:

Alex Marland, Brand Command: Canadian Politics and Democracy in the Age of Message Control (2016), in Journal of Newfoundland and Labrador Studies, 32:1 (2017).

Patricia Goff, Limits to Liberalization: Local Culture in a Global Marketplace (2007), in Canadian Journal of Political Science, 41:1 (March, 2008).

Neil Nevitte, Andre Blais, Elizabeth Gidengil, and Richard Nadeau, Unsteady State: The 1997 Canadian Federal Election (2000) in Isuma: Canadian Journal of Policy Research, I:2 (Autumn, 2000).

K. Archer and A. Whitehorn, Political Activists: The NDP in Convention (1997) in Canadian Public Policy XXV: 3 (1999).

J. Brodie, The Political Economy of Canadian Regionalism (1990) in Canadian Journal of Political Science XX:III (September, 1992).

W. Carroll, Corporate Power and Canadian Capitalism (1986) in Canadian Journal of Political Science XVI:I (March, 1988).

W. Clement and D. Drache, The New Practical Guide to Canadian Political Economy (1985) in Canadian Journal of Political Science XIV:1 (March, 1986).